Ontarians Reminded To Get Fully Immunized Against Whooping Cough
Dr. Arlene King, Ontario's Chief Medical Officer of Health, is reminding Ontarians to get immunized against pertussis, also known as whooping cough.
There have been recent outbreaks of pertussis in Southwestern Ontario with approximately 240 cases reported since November 2011.
Pertussis vaccine is available as part of Ontario's publicly funded immunization program.
Children should receive their full series of pertussis vaccine and a booster shot in their teen years to provide protection into adulthood.
Adults, especially those who are in regular contact with children (such as day care workers, parents, and babysitters), are also encouraged to get immunized. It provides protection not only to the adult, but will also help to prevent the spread the infection to children and infants.
Pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease that spreads from an infected person to others through coughing or sneezing. Symptoms are initially mild, and then develop into severe coughing fits. This cough can last for weeks and makes it hard for a child to eat, drink or even breathe. Pertussis can also cause prolonged cough illness in adolescents and adults.
Violent coughing can cause a person to vomit or stop breathing for a short period of time. Infants are at a greater risk of serious complications which include pneumonia, brain damage and seizures.
Immunization is the best defence against pertussis. Ontarians are advised to talk to their health care provider or call their local public health unit for more information about getting immunized.
- Pertussis is also known as whooping cough because the severe coughing fits produce the high-pitched "whoop" sound in children when they inhale air after coughing.
- Individuals get vaccinated against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and hemophilus influenza B in infancy and early childhood.
- Adolescents receive the publicly funded tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis vaccine between 14 to 16 years of age.
- The publicly funded immunization program was expanded in 2011 to provide another dose of tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccine to adults between the ages of 19 and 64.
- Vaccinations have led to the successful elimination of infectious diseases that were the leading causes of death worldwide 100 years ago. Now vaccine preventable diseases cause fewer than five per cent of all deaths in this country.
“I strongly encourage Ontarians - especially those who are around young children - to make sure they are up to date with their pertussis immunization. We know the pertussis vaccine prevents the spread of serious illness and death among young children who have not yet been fully immunized against the disease.”
Dr. Arlene King
Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care