Ontario Government Strengthening Francophone Community

Archived Release

Ontario Government Strengthening Francophone Community

Ministry of Francophone Affairs

Regional Launch of New Statistical Profiles TORONTO, Nov. 9 - The Ontario government reiterates its support to the province's Francophone community by organizing in Ottawa the regional launch of the 2005 edition of detailed statistical profiles that provide the newest portrait of Ontario's Francophone population, Minister Responsible for Francophone Affairs Madeleine Meilleur announced today. The profiles show that Eastern Ontario is home to more than 40% of Franco-Ontarians, and that, between the last two censuses, the francophone population in this region has grown twice as fast as in the province in general. "Our government acknowledges Francophones' important role in Ontario's economic prosperity," said Meilleur. "With this new reference tool, we can work together to better meet the needs of the Francophone community and strengthen our greatest asset - our people." Based on the 2001 census, the five profiles (Francophones in general, women, youth, seniors and racial minorities) present a detailed overview of the Francophone population. They cover various aspects, including demographic characteristics, the use of French, education levels and socio-economic status. Regional differences are also highlighted. "We intend to distribute these profiles as widely as possible," added Meilleur. "It is important for us to identify key challenges in order to then make, together, the right choices. We wish to act in partnership with all stakeholders, as we all benefit from working together towards common solutions. We hope the launch of these profiles will support our on-going dialogue with the Franco-Ontarian community." The 2005 Statistical Profiles are available on the Office of Francophone Affairs' Website, at www.ofa.gov.on.ca. Printed copies can also be obtained by contacting the Office of Francophone Affairs at 1 800 268-7507. Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE GENERAL PROFILE OF FRANCOPHONES IN ONTARIO Demography - There are 548,940 Francophones in Ontario who represent 4.8 per cent of the province's total population. - In absolute numbers, Eastern Ontario accounts for 41.3 per cent of Ontario's Francophone population; Central Ontario 25.6 per cent, Northeastern Ontario 25.2, southwestern Ontario 6.3 per cent and Northwestern Ontario 1.6 per cent. - Between 1996 and 2001, the Francophone population of Ontario increased by 6,600 - a 1.2 per cent increase in five years. - More than four out of every five Francophones in Ontario (81.5 per cent) live in a region designated under the French Language Services Act. Mobility and Place of Birth - Between 1996 and 2001, 40,480 Francophones settled in Ontario - three out of five came from Quebec and one out of five came from another country. - Over one-third (36.6 per cent) of Francophones 20 years and over who arrived from Quebec settled in the Ottawa region and close to 15.0 per cent settled in the Toronto region. Most (55.2 per cent) of those from other countries settled in Central Ontario. 35.9 per cent settled in Eastern Ontario. - Two out of every three Francophones were born in Ontario (65.1 per cent). Preservation of the Language - The rate of preservation of the French language continues to decline. French is the language most often spoken in the home for 56.5 per cent of Francophones. - Parents play a central role in preservation of mother tongue. When the mother tongue of both parents is French, most children keep their mother tongue (91.7 per cent). When only the mother reports that French is her mother tongue, 34.2 per cent of children keep their mother tongue. When only the father reports that French is his mother tongue, 14.6 per cent keep their mother tongue. - More than two out of every three Francophones (67.4 per cent) report that they speak their mother tongue in the workplace. Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE PROFILE ON WOMEN Demography and Family Situation - Francophone women in Ontario number 281,375 and represent 52.7 per cent of the province's total Francophone population. The highest concentrations of Francophone women are found in Central Ontario and Southwestern Ontario (53.8 per cent and 53.6 per cent). Northwestern Ontario has the lowest concentration of Francophone women (48.3 per cent). - The percentage of families that are single-parent families is distinctly lower among Francophones than in the general population (18.2 per cent compared to 23.4 per cent). - Francophone mothers play a central role in the preservation of the French language. Levels of Education / Fields of Study - A higher percentage of Francophone women have a high school diploma / university degree than Francophone men (68.0 per cent compared to 65.0 per cent / 15.1 per cent compared to 14.2 per cent). - Compared to women in general, Francophone women are over-represented in the field of education (17.8 per cent compared to 14.1 per cent) and literature and the humanities (8.9 per cent compared to 8.0 per cent). They are under-represented in the field of health (16.3 per cent compared to 18.0 per cent). Labour Market and Income - The activity rate for Francophone women in the workplace is lower than that of the female population as a whole (59.2 per cent compared to 61.5 per cent). - However, the unemployment rate for Francophone women is lower that that for the female population as a whole (5.7 per cent compared to 6.5 per cent). - The average employment income of Francophone women is higher than that of their counterparts in the general population ($28,731 compared to $26,894). The average employment income of Francophone women represents 67.5 per cent of the average employment income of Francophone men. Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE PROFILE ON YOUTH Demography - There are 134,595 Francophones under the age of 25 in Ontario, representing 3.6 per cent of the general youth population. - Between 1996 and 2001, the proportion of Francophone youth increased in Central Ontario (from 17.6 per cent to 20.6 per cent), Eastern Ontario (45.4 per cent to 46.2 per cent), and Southwestern Ontario (3.8 per cent to 4.3 per cent). However, it decreased in Northeastern Ontario (31.8 per cent down to 27.6 per cent). It remained unchanged in Northwestern Ontario (at 1.3 per cent). Preservation of Mother Tongue - Between 1996 and 2001, there was a decline in the preservation of French among Francophone youth of all ages. Levels of Education - In Ontario, 88.3 per cent of Francophones between the ages of 20 years and 24 years have at least a high school diploma, compared to 86.1 per cent of their counterparts in the general population. The percentage of Francophone youth who finish high school is higher than the percentage of youth in the general population and this is true for every region of the province. - The percentage of Francophones between the ages of 20 years and 24 years who have a university degree is comparable to that for this age group in general (12.4 per cent compared to 12.6 per cent). - More young Francophone women than men graduate from university (15.6 per cent compared to 9.0 per cent). Labour Market and Income - The average employment income of Francophones between the ages of 20 years and 24 years is higher than that of their counterparts in the general population ($15,541 compared to $14,231). This is true for both sexes. Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE PROFILE ON SENIORS Demography and Family Situation - Ontario Francophones 65 years of age and over number 76,925 and represent 5.6 per cent of this age group in the general population. - Francophone women 65 years and over represent 58.1 per cent of this age group in the Francophone population. The representation of women is even higher among Francophones 75 years and over (63.3 per cent). Socio-economic Profile In terms of their social and economic standing, Francophone seniors do not fare as well as the province's elderly population as a whole. As is true for the elderly population in general, there are major differences between elderly Francophone men and women. - Francophone seniors tend to be less well-educated. - The activity rate for Francophone seniors is lower than that for seniors in the general population in every region of the province. As is true for the elderly population in general, the activity rate for elderly Francophone women is distinctly lower than that for elderly Francophone men (4.3 per cent compared to 10.5 per cent). - The average total income of Francophone seniors is lower than that for the general population aged 65 years and over. - Similarly, the percentage of Francophone seniors living below the low income cut-off is higher than in the province's elderly population as a whole (17.8 per cent compared to 14.6 per cent). The percentage of elderly Francophone women who live below the low income cut-off is twice as high as that for elderly Francophone men (22.8 per cent compared to 10.8 per cent). Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE PROFILE ON RACIAL MINORITIES Demography - In Ontario, 58,520 Francophones are members of a racial minority. This represents an increase of more than 40 per cent between 1996 and 2001. - Racial minorities make up 10.3 per cent of Ontario's Francophone population. They represent one in three Francophones in the Toronto region (33.2 per cent) and one in seven Francophones in the Ottawa and Hamilton regions (14.1 per cent and 15.6 per cent). - Francophones who are members of a racial minority are, as a whole, distinctly younger than Francophones in general. The percentage of those under the age of 20 years is twice as high (38.7 per cent compared to 19.6 per cent). Mobility and Place of Birth - Between 1996 and 2001, 16,935 Francophones who are members of a racial minority settled in Ontario. More than three in five came from another country (62.9 per cent) and one in three came from Quebec (33.1 per cent) during this period. - Close to three-quarters of all Francophones who are members of a racial minority and who live in Ontario were born in another country (74.3 per cent). These minorities come from the following countries: Africa (31.5 per cent); Asia (30.5 per cent); and the Middle East (18.0 per cent). Levels of Education / Fields of Study - The level of education of Francophones who are members of a racial minority is distinctly higher than that for Francophones in general. The percentage who have a university degree is twice as high as in the general Francophone population (31.7 per cent compared to 14.7 per cent). Labour Market and Income - In spite of having a higher level of education, Francophones who are members of a racial minority have a lower employment income than Francophones in the general population ($29,039 compared to $35,796). Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.ca Backgrounder ------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 9, 2005 HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE PROFILE OF FRANCOPHONES IN EASTERN ONTARIO Demographics - There are 226,705 Francophones in Eastern Ontario, which represents 41.3% of the province-wide Francophone population. - Francophones make up 14.7% of the population of Eastern Ontario, which is one out of seven people in the region. - The Francophone population increased in the region between 1996 and 2001: it went up from 221,100 to 226,705, which is an increase of 5,605 (2.5%) in five years. - Between 1996 and 2001, the proportion of Francophones aged 65 and over decreased from 38.5 % to 37% in Eastern Ontario. Since the French population in the Ottawa region is on the increase, the aging of the population is less marked than in other regions. Mobility and Place of Birth - Of the Francophones that moved to Ontario between the 1996 and 2001 censuses, more than one-third of those aged 20 and older from Québec moved to the Ottawa region. Of the Francophones from outside the country, 35.9% have settled in Eastern Ontario. - In Eastern Ontario, more than two out of three Francophones were born in Ontario (68.3%), close to one-quarter in the province of Québec (23.4%) and 4.8% outside of the country. Language Spoken at Home/At Work - Even though Francophones in Eastern Ontario represent a lower proportion of the general population than in the Northeast, the rate of preservation of the French language is higher in Eastern Ontario. A greater proportion of Francophones in this region also use French at work. - However, as in the other regions, the rate of preservation of French continues to decline: French is the language most often used at home for 69.8% of Francophones in Eastern Ontario (71.1% in 1996). - French is the language most often spoken at work by 45.1% of Francophones in Eastern Ontario. If Francophones who use French at work on a regular basis are included in this number, the proportion using their mother tongue in work environments reaches 83.3% in the region. Socio-Economic Profile - The level of education of Francophones in the region is relatively high: 17.6% of Francophones have a B.A., compared to 14.7% for all Francophones in the province. This proportion, however, is lower than that of the regional population (20.1%). - The rate of activity for Francophones in the region is higher than that of Francophones in the province (66.7% compared to 64.6%). The rate of activity for Francophones is similar to that of the general population in the region (66.7% compared to 66.8%). - In Eastern Ontario, the rate of unemployment among Francophones is lower than in the other regions of the province. It is also lower than the rate for the whole regional population (4.7% compared to 6.1%). - As in the general population, a relatively high proportion of Francophones in the region work in the area of sales and services (20.8% compared to 22.9%). A higher proportion of Francophones work in the areas of business, finance and administration (22.3% compared to 17.4%), and that is true for both genders. One-third of Francophone women and 11.7% of Francophone men work in these occupations, compared to 26.5% of women and 9.4% of men out of the whole population of the region. - In Eastern Ontario, Francophone men are over-represented in the area of trades, transport and equipment operators (22.1% compared to 20.5% among the general population), but are under-represented in those occupations related to the natural and applied sciences (12.4% compared to 15%). As in all regions, Francophone women are over-represented in occupations involving social science, education, government service and religion (15.2% compared to 12.8%), but under-represented in the health sector (7.5% compared to 8.9%). - The average employment income of Francophones in Eastern Ontario is higher than that of the general population of the region ($35,517 compared to $34,613). It is similar to the average income of Francophones across the whole province ($35,517 compared to $35,796). - The average family income of Francophones in the region is higher than that of the provincial Francophone average ($71,890 compared to $70,033). However, it is lower than the average for the overall regional population ($71,780 compared to $73,272). - The proportion of Francophones living below the low-income threshold is comparable to that of the region's population (13.7% compared to 13.9%). Apart from the Northwest, this proportion is lower than that of Francophones in the other regions of the province. Disponible en français www.ofa.gov.on.caFor further information: Carole Drouin, Minister's Office, (416) 325-1676; Charles Jean Sucsan, Strategic Communications Branch, (416) 325-4968