Student Voices on Sexual Violence Survey
Between February 16, 2018 and April 2, 2018, CCI Research Inc. administered the Student Voices on Sexual Violence campus climate survey on behalf of the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities and participating institutions.
The goal of the survey was to provide information related to:
- Knowledge of sexual violence supports, services and reporting procedures;
- Perceptions of consent;
- Experiences of sexual violence;
- Satisfaction with institutional responses to sexual violence; and
- Behaviour of bystanders.
In total, over 746,000 full-time students were invited to participate in the survey and over 160,000 responded.
Definitions used in the Student Voices of Sexual Violence Survey
Sexual violence means any sexual act or act targeting a person's sexuality, gender identity or gender expression, whether the act is physical or psychological in nature, that is committed, threatened or attempted against a person without the person's consent, and includes sexual assault, sexual harassment, stalking, indecent exposure, voyeurism and sexual exploitation.
Non-consensual sexual contact or activity, including the threat of such activity, done by one person or a group of persons to another. Sexual assault can range from unwanted sexual touching, kissing, or fondling to forced sexual intercourse. Sexual assault can involve the use of physical force, intimidation, coercion, or the abuse of a position of trust or authority.
A course of vexatious comment, conduct and/or communication based on sex, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or gender expression that is known or should have been known to be unwelcome. Sexual harassment includes making unwelcome sexual solicitations, attentions, or advances; the implied or expressed promise of benefits or advancement in return for sexual favours; threats of reprisals for rejecting unwelcome solicitations or advances; engaging in comment or conduct that creates a hostile or poisoned environment to persons of a specific sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression; and incidents that occur through electronic means.
Behaviours that occur on more than one occasion and which collectively instill fear in the person or threaten the person's safety or mental health, or that of their family or friends. Stalking includes non-consensual communications (e.g., face-to-face, phone, electronic); threatening or obscene conduct or gestures; surveillance and pursuit; and sending unsolicited gifts.
The exposure of the private or intimate parts of the body in a lewd or sexual manner, in a public place when the perpetrator may be readily observed. Indecent exposure includes exhibitionism.
The surreptitious observing of a person without their consent and in circumstances where they could reasonably expect privacy. Voyeurism may include direct observation, observation by mechanical or electronic means, or visual recordings.
Taking advantage of another person through non-consensual or abusive sexual control. This may include the digital or electronic broadcasting, distributing, recording and or photographing of people involved in sexual acts without their consent.
Examples include extension on assignments, rescheduling exams, excused absence, changing classes.
A formal report or complaint may be considered to occur when (1) a student who has been affected by sexual violence (including students directly affected by sexual violence and bystanders) informs the postsecondary institution about that experience for the purposes of initiating the institution's investigation and adjudication procedures; or (2) the institution, upon being informed of an incident of sexual violence, initiates an investigation.