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Veterans' Memorial Interesting Facts & Figures

Archived Backgrounder

Veterans' Memorial Interesting Facts & Figures

Ministry of Government and Consumer Services

The Bronze

  • All bronze is Canadian and is finished using 320 grit random orbital sanding. A light application of liver of sulphur created the antique patina.
  • Four text panels were cut to specifications out of four by eight sheets of commercial bronze plate. Commercial bronze is an alloy composed of approximately 90 per cent copper, 0.05 per cent lead, 0.05 per cent iron and 10 per cent zinc.
  • The centre panel stands approximately three metres tall by one metre wide (nine feet tall by 3.5 feet wide).
  • The two end panels are approximately 1.8 m (six feet) wide (east wall) and 2.0 m (seven feet) wide (west wall).
  • The dedication plaque/documentary text panel is 1.6 m by 0.5 m (5.25 feet by 16.5 inches).
  • The bronze panels are supported by two inch by two inch stainless steel square tubing that is mounted on the inside of each panel. These tubes anchor the bronze to the concrete core.
  • The written text element on each of the bronze panel surfaces was done by a deep acid etching process.
  • The total weight of the bronze components (including the internal steel frames) is estimated to be 2,300 kilograms (5,000 pounds).

The granite

  • The art walls are made from granite that was quarried in St. Nazaire, Quebec.
  • The etching for the walls was done in Barre, Vermont, using a laser etching machine. This technology allows a computer controlled laser beam to scan the granite on an X-Y pattern at a lower power level. Etching stuns the surface of the granite, changing the polished black to a white.
  • It took approximately eight hours to etch each wall panel.
  • The total weight of all the granite used for the wall, seat wall and paving stones was 145,965 kilograms. That is the weight of approximately 38 minivans.
  • The floor of the site is composed of 544 granite paver stones.
  • It took approximately 25 hours to sand blast the maple leafs which appear on some of the paver stones. The pavers sit on small pedestals to allow drainage onto a concrete base underneath. Approximately 5,000 pedestals support the pavers.

The concrete

  • It took approximately 600 hours to build the wall and all project components.
  • A total of 144 cubic metres of concrete was used for this entire project. The breakdown of concrete is as follows:
    • 81 cubic metres for the art wall;
    • 15 cubic metres for the end walls;
    • 19 cubic metres for the seat wall foundations;
    • 29 cubic metres for the footings.
  • Due to the small site, all concrete needed to be pumped rather than trucked onto the site.
  • High quality C-1 concrete with a 35 mega pascal strength was used. This is double the strength of a normal foundation wall.
  • Five times the normal number of reinforcing bars were used in this project. More than 3,500 pieces of rebar were buried in the cement.
  • Approximately 40 tandem truckloads of excavated material were removed from the site to prepare the groundwork for new construction
  • The surrounding lawn was compacted for more than 20 hours using one tonne force.
  • The concrete was designed to include a self-contained infiltration drainage system with no outlet to city storm sewers.

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Arts and Culture