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Ontario's First Patient Ombudsman

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Ontario's First Patient Ombudsman

Ministry of Health

Ontario is taking steps toward appointing its first Patient Ombudsman to help people who have an unresolved complaint about their care at a hospital, long-term care home or Community Care Access Centre.


The vast majority of complaints about health care quality are resolved by current patient relations processes.  There are, however, some complaints that are outside the scope of existing oversight bodies.  To close any gaps that may continue to exist, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care is establishing Ontario's first Patient Ombudsman.

The Patient Ombudsman position was created in December 2014 as part of Bill 8, the Public Sector and MPP Accountability and Transparency Act, 2014, which includes amendments to the Excellent Care for All Act, 2010.

The Role of the Patient Ombudsman

The Patient Ombudsman will help patients who have not had their concerns resolved through existing complaint mechanisms in a way that meets their needs.

As set out in the law, the Patient Ombudsman's powers and responsibilities will be specifically tailored to the health care system. Once appointed, the Patient Ombudsman will:

  • Respond to unresolved complaints from patients, residents, clients - as well as their caregivers - about their health care experience at a hospital, long-term care home or Community Care Access Centre
  • Investigate a health sector organization on his or her own initiative
  • Make recommendations to a health sector organization that is the subject of an investigation, following the conclusion of that investigation
  • Report to the Minister of Health and Long-Term Care on his or her activities and recommendations annually and provide reports to Local Health Integration Networks as appropriate

The Patient Ombudsman will not try to resolve or investigate complaints that are the responsibility of another person or body such as the Health Services Appeal and Review Board and the Information and Privacy Commissioner.

Selection and Appointment

The Patient Ombudsman will be selected via a three-stage process:

  • Stage 1 - Identify key skills, competencies and training of a Patient Ombudsman. This stage will include a public consultation.
  • Stage 2 - Assess, select and recommend a Patient Ombudsman.
  • Stage 3 - Finalize appointment of a Patient Ombudsman.

The term of the Patient Ombudsman's appointment will be five years, with the possibility of reappointment for an additional five-year term.  The government cannot shorten that term, except under exceptional circumstances.

Once appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Patient Ombudsman will be housed in Health Quality Ontario. This relationship will allow the Patient Ombudsman to build on Health Quality Ontario's expertise - as well as its responsibility for promoting quality improvement and enhancing patient relations across health care organizations. 

All reports made by the Patient Ombudsman will be made available on Health Quality Ontario's website.

Strengthening the Patient Relations Process in Public Hospitals

The introduction of the Patient Ombudsman is one of two government initiatives to strengthen complaints management processes in the health care system. The second initiative - new regulations under the Excellent Care for All Act will strengthen the patient relations process in public hospitals.

Once in force on September 1, 2015, new regulations under the Excellent Care for All Act will require public hospitals to:

  • Uphold minimum standards for how patient complaints are managed
  • Engage patients and their caregivers in designing, reviewing and maintaining the hospital's complaint processes
  • Have a staff member to oversee the patient-relations process; and present internal reports on patient relations to the hospital's Quality Committee at least twice a year
  • Engage patients and their caregivers when developing Quality Improvement Plans.

Health Quality Ontario and the Ontario Hospital Association will support the hospital sector in the adoption of practices that reflect these requirements. While these new regulations will only apply to public hospitals, other sectors may choose to adopt the principles of the regulations as well.

Taken together, these two initiatives will help ensure that patients are at the centre of the health care system; and that patient concerns are addressed in a structured manner.

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