Protecting People in Ontario from the Health Impacts of Cannabis
In response to the federal government's plan to legalize cannabis in July 2018, Ontario's proposed approach to legalization is informed by the province's experience in managing tobacco and alcohol, as well as lessons from other jurisdictions that have recently legalized cannabis.
Recreational versus medical cannabis
Ontario is proposing to regulate the use of recreational and medical cannabis separately, as each has different purposes and considerations.
Medical cannabis is obtained for health-related purposes in accordance with applicable federal law. Because this type of cannabis is a form of medical treatment, and requires authorization by a health care practitioner, it should be considered from a health perspective.
In addition, individuals who use medical cannabis may need to use their medication in places where the use of recreational cannabis is not permitted.
Where recreational cannabis can be consumed
To ensure the health and well-being of all people in Ontario -- particularly children and youth -- the province is proposing to restrict the use of recreational cannabis in a similar way to alcohol.
Under Ontario's proposed Cannabis Act, 2017 [link to NR], it would only be legal to use recreational cannabis in private residences. People would not be allowed to use any form of recreational cannabis in public places, workplaces or when inside a motor vehicle.
This proposed approach would allow people in Ontario, especially children and youth, to continue to enjoy public spaces like local parks.
Where medical cannabis can be smoked or vaped
To further protect the public from exposure to second-hand smoke and vape, the province is recommending regulating the smoking and vaping of medical cannabis under the proposed new Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017.
If the proposed new legislation is passed, the smoking and vaping of medical cannabis, and the use of electronic cigarettes, would not be allowed in enclosed workplaces, enclosed public places and other areas where tobacco smoking is currently banned.
Ontario is also proposing a regulation that would prohibit the smoking of tobacco, the use of electronic cigarettes, and the smoking and vaping of medical cannabis in additional public spaces.
Limited exemptions for smoking and vaping medical cannabis are also being proposed, similar to those currently in place for the smoking of tobacco. Places covered by these exemptions would include controlled rooms in residential care facilities, designated psychiatric facilities, designated veterans' facilities, scientific research and testing facilities, and designated guest rooms in hotels, motels and inns. An additional exemption for medical cannabis smoking and vaping is also being recommended for residential hospices.