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Ontario To Pilot Three-Wheeled Vehicles On Roads


Ontario To Pilot Three-Wheeled Vehicles On Roads

New Ten Year Pilot Program Begins Mar 1, 2016

Ministry of Transportation

As of March 1, 2016, Ontario is introducing a new 10-year pilot program to allow three-wheeled vehicles on Ontario roads.

Three-wheeled vehicles are a distinct class of vehicle separate from passenger vehicles, motor tricycles and motorcycles. The pilot is intended to:

  • assess the ability of three-wheeled vehicles to safely integrate with other vehicle types
  • determine whether existing rules of the road are adequate
  • consider alternative operating and licensing requirements

The pilot brings the province in line with other Canadian jurisdictions - Québec, British Columbia, Manitoba and the Yukon - which already permit three-wheeled vehicles on their roads. It also supports innovation in the auto manufacturing sector and gives consumers more choice in how they travel. 

Only federally approved, three-wheeled vehicles designed for on-road use are permitted to participate in the pilot. Drivers of federally approved three-wheeled vehicles will need to hold a full G class licence or higher and must wear a helmet.

Ensuring Ontario's place as a world leader in the emerging vehicles and transportation technology sectors is part of the government's economic plan to build Ontario up and deliver on its number-one priority to grow the economy and create jobs. The four-part plan includes investing in talent and skills, including helping more people get and create the jobs of the future by expanding access to high-quality college and university education. The plan is making the largest investment in public infrastructure in Ontario's history and investing in a low-carbon economy driven by innovative, high-growth, export-oriented businesses. The plan is also helping working Ontarians achieve a more secure retirement.

Quick Facts

  • Drivers with a valid Ontario G class licence are allowed to operate three-wheeled vehicles.
  • Current Ontario Highway Traffic Act rules of the road and penalties apply to drivers/owners of three-wheeled vehicles.
  • Three-wheeled vehicles are registered as motorcycles and the corresponding fee is applied.
  • You can register a three-wheeled vehicle at ServiceOntario.
  • Three-wheeled vehicles are subject to Ontario’s mandatory seat belt requirements and the use of an approved motorcycle safety helmet.
  • Passengers such as infants, toddlers, pre-schoolers to primary grade are not allowed in three-wheeled vehicles.
  • Three-wheeled vehicles cannot be used to take an Ontario driver’s licence road test.
  • No sidecars or trailers are permitted on three-wheeled vehicles.

Additional Resources

Media Contacts

  • Patrick Searle

    Minister’s Office


  • Bob Nichols

    Communications Branch




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