Memorandum of Understanding to Enhance Cooperation on Climate Change Between the Government of the State of Oregon, the Government of Ontario and the Gouvernement du Québec
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF OREGON,
THE GOVERNMENT OF ONTARIO,
THE GOUVERNEMENT DU QUÉBEC,
RECOGNIZING the strong and dynamic relationship that exists between Oregon, Ontario, and Québec, and mutual efforts to combat climate change and support clean growth at both the national and sub-national levels;
ENCOURAGED by the constructive relationships of information-sharing that have been forged and by their shared desire to expand these relationships and trade;
DETERMINED to achieve the ultimate goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in accordance with the provisions of Article 2 thereof and considering that Oregon, Ontario, and Québec are all signatories to the Under 2 MOU and the Climate Action Statement;
CONSIDERING the fight against climate change has positive impacts on the health and safety of residents, their lives and their environment, as well as on the economies of Oregon, Ontario and Québec;
NOTING that the State of Oregon was a founding member of the Western Climate Initiative (WCI), a multi-sector, market-based program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and Ontario and Québec are currently WCI members;
DECIDE AS FOLLOWS:
The purpose of this understanding is to promote and carry out activities involving cooperation between Oregon, Ontario, and Québec on climate change and clean technology, according to their respective competences and available financial resources, and it is based on the principles of equality, reciprocity, the sharing of information, and mutual benefit.
2. AREAS OF COOPERATION
Oregon, Ontario, and Québec decide to coordinate their efforts and share information in areas including, but not limited to, the following:
a) Market-based mechanisms for reducing GHG emissions that create good jobs and grow the economy. Opportunities to enhance the capacities of natural and working landscapes to draw down carbon dioxide;
b) The transition to a low-carbon economy in rural areas;
c) Cross-jurisdictional collaboration on building a low-carbon economy; specifically in advanced manufacturing, biofuels, advanced materials, and advanced timber building systems;
d) Clean technology to support greenhouse gas emissions reductions; and
e) Climate change partnerships with other jurisdictions, as well as international efforts to fight climate change.
3. MEANS OF CO-OPERATION
The means of co-operation under this understanding include the following measures:
a) The sharing of information and experience on policies and programs that have made it possible to effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions; to promote low-carbon-emission development including tracking progress over time; and to step up efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change;
b) The sharing of information on policy development and the provision of technical assistance over the development and implementation of climate change policies;
c) Discussion on the possibility of establishing policies and programs that are compatible and mutually advantageous, both environmentally and economically;
d) Monitoring, reporting, and verification capacity and building this capacity for climate policies and programs;
e) The organization of, or joint participation in, symposiums, seminars, workshops, and exhibitions;
f) Any other form of collaboration that, in the estimation of Oregon, Ontario, and Québec, may contribute to the purpose of this understanding.
4. AREAS OF COORDINATION
To coordinate activities involving co-operation under this understanding, Oregon, Ontario, and Québec designate the following representatives:
The Government of the State of Oregon designates:
Energy and Climate Change Policy Advisor to the Governor
The Government of Ontario designates:
The Assistant Deputy Minister for the Climate Change Directorate of the Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change
The Gouvernement du Québec designates:
The Assistant Deputy Minister for the Fight against Climate Change of the Québec Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and Fight against Climate Change
PARTICIPATION OF THIRD PARTIES IN CO-OPERATIVE ACTIVITIES
If they feel that it is useful or practical to do so, Oregon, Ontario, and Québec may jointly decide to invite individuals or entities from the private sector, the public sector, academia, the research sector or another sector to support the co-operative activities described herein, provided that they contribute directly or significantly to the attainment of the objectives of this understanding.
Oregon, Ontario, and Québecmay conduct consultations at any time over the application or interpretation of this understanding.
6. FINAL PROVISIONS
This understanding will enter into effect on the day it is signed.
Oregon, Ontario, or Québec may terminate this understanding at any time by providing the others with at least thirty (30) days' written notice of its intention to do so.
This understanding may be modified at any time, upon the mutual written agreement of Oregon, Ontario, and Québec.
This understanding does not create legally binding obligations.
Signed in six copies, in English and in French, both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF OREGON
Governor Kate Brown
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF ONTARIO
Premier Kathleen Wynne
FOR THE GOUVERNEMENT DU QUÉBEC
Premier Philippe Couillard